The Spanish Senate are set to approve a new Civil Procedure Act this week, which aims to convert the judicial service to a paperless operation from the 1st of January, 2016.

The reform has undergone numerous rejections during the draft stage with many opposers calling the reform a “mess” that is “doomed to generate frustration”.

Under the new procedures all communication will be done by either email or text message, including the issuing of summons.

The act also widens the coverage for Legal Aid and includes victims of terrorism, irrespective of their economic resources, as well as victims of gender violence and human trafficking, amongst others.